Emirates Defense Technology (EDT) initially started the Nimr project in the UAE. Engineers from the Industrial Computer Technologies engineering firm (a subsidiary of GAZ) were then subcontracted to complete the detailed engineering and prototyping of the first Nimr 1 prototype. Further developments of the Nimr 1 and the complete development of the next generation Nimr vehicles was carried out in the UAE by the Bin Jabr Group.
The Nimr vehicle has been designed to carry out military, police and peacekeeping missions in the Middle East area thanks to a cooling system that allows the vehicle to withstand the harsh desert climate which can reach as high as 55 Celsius. The vehicle also features composite ceramic armor & a central tire inflation system. The vehicle is based on a flexible modular concept to provide support for a wide range of missions.
Three prototypes were made in 2000; armored versions and a 6x6 version were later developed as well. The vehicle was to be assembled in Jordan at Advanced Industries of Arabia (AIA), a production facility owned by EDT and KADDB. In early 2005, the UAE army awarded AIA a contract worth $41 million to deliver 500 vehicles.
Bin Jabr Group teamed with MBDA and Rheinmetall Defence Electronics to develop the Nimrad (Nimr Air Defense) and Nimrat (Nimr Anti-Tank) anti-armor/anti-bunker variant based on the Nimr 4x4 vehicle.